Klosterneuburg, Austria


Language: English Studies in English
University website: www.ist.ac.at
Neuroscience (or neurobiology) is the scientific study of the nervous system. It is a multidisciplinary branch of biology, that combines physiology, anatomy, molecular biology, developmental biology, cytology, mathematical modeling and psychology to understand the fundamental and emergent properties of neurons and neural circuits. The understanding of the biological basis of learning, memory, behavior, perception and consciousness has been defined as "the ultimate challenge of the biological sciences".
There are three levels of self to consider: the proto, the core, and the autobiographical. The first two are shared with many, many other species, and they are really coming out largely of the brain stem and whatever there is of cortex in those species.
António Damásio (2011) Antonio Damasio: The quest to understand consciousness, Dec. 2011
The first proponent of cortical memory networks on a major scale was neither a neuroscientist nor a computer scientist but... a Viennes economist.
Attributed to Friedrich Hayek in: Joaquin Fuster (1995) Memory in the Cerebral Cortex. p. 87
Neuroscience is the field of study that endeavors to make sense of such diverse questions; at the same time, it points the way toward the effective treatment of dysfunctions. The exchange of information among a half-dozen branches of science and the clinical practice of mental health have shaped a new scientific approach to the study of the brain.
Sandra Ackerman, Institute of Medicine (U.S.) (1992) Discovering the brain. p. 2
Researchers have gained new insights into sources of carbon-based aerosols that intensify the impact of climate change in the Arctic.
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