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Nottingham, United Kingdom

Translation Studies

Language: English Studies in English
Kind of studies: part-time studies
University website: www.nottingham.ac.uk
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Translation
Translation is the communication of the meaning of a source-language text by means of an equivalent target-language text. The English language draws a terminological distinction (not all languages do) between translating (a written text) and interpreting (oral or sign-language communication between users of different languages); under this distinction, translation can begin only after the appearance of writing within a language community.
Translation Studies
Translation studies is an academic interdiscipline dealing with the systematic study of the theory, description and application of translation, interpreting, and localization. As an interdiscipline, Translation Studies borrows much from the various fields of study that support translation. These include comparative literature, computer science, history, linguistics, philology, philosophy, semiotics, and terminology.
Translation
Nor ought a genius less than his that writ
Attempt translation.
John Denham, To Sir Richard Fanshaw, Upon his Translation of Pastor Fido (1648), line 9.
Translation
Translators are the shadow heroes of literature, the often forgotten instruments that make it possible for different cultures to talk to one another, who have enabled us to understand that we all, from every part of the world, live in one world.
Paul Auster, To be translated or not to be: PEN / IRL report on the international situation of literary translation, Preface (2011).
Translation
Translations [into the German language], even the best ones, proceed from a mistaken premise. They want to turn Hindi, Greek, English into German instead of turning German into Hindi, Greek, English. ... The basic error of the translator is that he preserves the state in which his own language happens to be instead of allowing his language to be powerfully affected by the foreign tongue.
Rudolf Pannwitz, Die Krisis der europäischen Kultur (1917), as translated in Walter Benjamin, Selected Writings: Volume 1, 1913-1926 (1996), pp. 261-262.
A fuel qualification test (FQT) is planned for the development of the next-generation nuclear reactors. An EU-funded consortium has unveiled the experimental test facility containing a small fuel assembly comprised of multiple fuel pins.
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